435 items found

Tags: Epidemiology

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  • GlossaryTerm

    Epidemic

    The occurrence of more cases of disease than expected in a given area or among a specific group of people over a particular period of time.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Syndromic Surveillance

    Surveillance that uses health-related information (clinical signs or other data) that might precede or substitute for formal diagnosis. This information may be used to indicate...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Vulnerable Consumers

    No definition could be identified for this sector
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Vulnerability

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  • GlossaryTerm

    Early Warning Surveillance (Epidemiological Watch, Epidemiovigilance, Scannin...

    Surveillance of health indicators and diseases in defined populations to increase the likelihood of timely detection of undefined (new) or unexpected (exotic or reemerging)...
    • Shared Definition
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Vectorial Ecology

    transmission of a pathogen from vertebrate host to another within the adequate environmental conditions
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Vector

    An animal, most often an arthropod, which picks up the pathogen from an infected person or animal and transmits it to a susceptible individual.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Foodborne Outbreak

    An incidence, observed under given circumstances, of two or more human cases of the same disease and/or infection, or a situation in which the observed number of human cases...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Serotype

    A group of closely related microorganisms distinguished by a characteristic set of antigens; alsothe set of antigens characteristic of such a group
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Arthropod-borne

    Capable of being transmitted by insect and tick or mites (arthropod) vectors.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Epidemic

    The condition in which a disease spreads rapidly through a community in which that disease is normally not present or is present at a low level.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Health Inequalities

    Differences in health status or in the distribution of health determinants between different population groups.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Pathological

    Indicative of, or caused by, a disease or condition.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Cluster

    An aggregation of cases of a disease, injury, or other health condition (particularly cancer and birth defects) in a circumscribed area during a particular period without regard...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Continuing Source Epidemic (Outbreak)

    An epidemic in which new cases of disease occur over a long period, indicating persistence of the disease source.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Antibiotic

    A drug that kills or stops the growth of bacteria. Antibiotics are a type of antimicrobial. Penicillin and ciprofloxacin are examples of antibiotics.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Passive Surveillance

    Observer-initiated provision of animal health related data (e.g. voluntary notification of suspect disease) or the use of existing data for surveillance. Decisions about whether...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Economic efficiency

    Whether the surveillance system produces the desired effect without wasting resources. Three levels of economic efficiency can be defined: - Optimisation: maximising the net...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Case Definition

    A set of uniformly applied criteria for determining whether an individual should be identified as having a particular disease, injury, or other health condition. In...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Primary Case

    An individual who contracted infection through direct contact with the primary vehicle or source of infection.
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