574 items found

Organisations: ORION Knowledge Hub Formats: Shared Definition

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  • GlossaryTerm

    Sampling Strategy

    Use of appropriate sampling strategies including the use of risk-based approaches (i.e. risk-based requirement calculation or risk-based sampling) and pooled sampling where...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Food Or Feed Processing

    Any action that substantially alters the initial product, including heating, smoking, curing, maturing, drying, marinating, extraction, extrusion or a combination of those...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Early Warning Surveillance (Epidemiological Watch, Epidemiovigilance, Scannin...

    Surveillance of health indicators and diseases in defined populations to increase the likelihood of timely detection of undefined (new) or unexpected (exotic or reemerging)...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Representative Sample

    A sample in which the characteristics of the batch from which it is drawn are maintained. This is inparticular the case of a simple random sample where each of the items or...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Vectorial Ecology

    transmission of a pathogen from vertebrate host to another within the adequate environmental conditions
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Surveillance sensitivity: Case detection

    The proportion of individual animals or herds in the population of interest that have the health-related condition of interest and that the surveillance system is able to detect.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Convenient Sampling

    Samples selected in a non-probabilistic sampling strategy based on the feasibility or ease of collection. It's a non-random sampling. The data reported refer themselves to units...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Climate

    Average meteorological conditions over a specified time period, usually at least a month, resulting from interactions among the atmosphere, oceans, and land surface. Climate...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Sampling

    The act, process, or technique of selecting a representative part of a population for the purpose of determining parameters or characteristics of the whole population
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Foodborne Outbreak

    An incidence, observed under given circumstances, of two or more human cases of the same disease and/or infection, or a situation in which the observed number of human cases...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Serotype

    A group of closely related microorganisms distinguished by a characteristic set of antigens; alsothe set of antigens characteristic of such a group
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  • GlossaryTerm

    One Health Surveillance (OHS) (Data) Harmonization Framework

    Concept to facilitate the adoption of the One Health Surveillance Codex including development of required resources (e.g. data standards and software tools) => sum of OH...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Epidemic

    The condition in which a disease spreads rapidly through a community in which that disease is normally not present or is present at a low level.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Pathological

    Indicative of, or caused by, a disease or condition.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Continuing Source Epidemic (Outbreak)

    An epidemic in which new cases of disease occur over a long period, indicating persistence of the disease source.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Antibiotic

    A drug that kills or stops the growth of bacteria. Antibiotics are a type of antimicrobial. Penicillin and ciprofloxacin are examples of antibiotics.
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Phylogenetic Tree

    Branching diagram that illustrates the lines of evolutionary descent of different biological species, organisms, or genes from a common ancestor based upon similarities and...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Food Law

    The laws, regulations and administrative provisions governing food in general, and food safety in particular, whether at Community or national level; it covers any stage of...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Performance Indicator

    A quantitative or qualitative measurement, or any other criterion, by which the performance, efficiency, achievement, etc of a person or organization can be assessed, often by...
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  • GlossaryTerm

    Economic efficiency

    Whether the surveillance system produces the desired effect without wasting resources. Three levels of economic efficiency can be defined: - Optimisation: maximising the net...
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